Adolf Hitler: biography
Adolf Hitler is a well-known politician, the leader of Germany, whose activities are connected with monstrous crimes against humanity, including the Holocaust. The founder of the Nazi Party and the Third Reich. His philosophy and political views are still widely discussed in society.
In 1934, Hitler became the head of the German fascist state. He launched a large-scale operation to seize Europe, started World War II, which made him a "monster and sadist" for Soviet citizens. But for many Germans, he was a brilliant leader, who changed people's lives for the better.
Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889 in Braunau-am-Inn in Austria, close to the border with Germany. His parents, Alois and Klara Hitler, were peasants. But his father managed to become a government official and customs officer, which allowed the family to live in good conditions. "The Nazi No. 1" was the third child in the family. Adolf looked like his mother. She loved her son very much. Later, his younger brother Edmund and sister Paula were born. The future German leader loved his brother and sister and took care of them all his life.
Adolf spent his childhood years moving from one place to another, because of his father's work. He also changed schools, where he did not show any talents. He finished four classes of school in Steyr and received a certificate of education. Hitler had good grades only in drawing and physical education. During this period, his mother, Klara Hitler, died from cancer. The young man was devastated but prepared all the necessary documents to get the allowance. Then he and his sister Paula moved to Vienna.
Firstly, he tried to enter the Art Academy, as he had an extraordinary talent for fine arts but failed the exams. For the next few years, the biography of Adolf Hitler was filled with poverty, vagrancy, accidental earnings, and constant moving from place to place. All this time he did not inform his family or his friends about his location. He didn’t want to join the army because he had to live with Jews, whom he hated.
At the age of 24, Hitler moved to Munich. And when the First World War began, he immediately voluntarily enlisted in the Bavarian Army. He took part in many battles. He took the defeat of Germany in the First World War very painfully and accused politicians of it. He participated in a large-scale agitation work, which allowed him to get into the political movement of German Workers' Party, which he skillfully turned into a Nazi Party.
Rise to power
Becoming the head of the NSDAP, Adolf Hitler gradually began to climb the political peaks. In 1923, he organized the Beer Hall Putsch. He was supported by 5 thousand storm troopers. They broke into the beer bar, where the meeting of the leaders of the General Staff was held and announced the overthrow of the Berlin government. On November 9, 1923, the Nazi Putsch marched to the Ministry in order to seize the power, but police dispersed them using guns.
In March 1924, Adolf Hitler, as the organizer of the coup, was convicted of treason and sentenced to 5 years in prison. But in prison, the Nazi dictator spent only 9 months - on December 20, 1924, for unknown reasons, he was released.
Immediately after liberation, Hitler revived the NSDAP and transformed it with the help of Gregor Strasser into the national political force. At that time he managed to establish close relations with the German generals and large industrial magnates.
At the same time, Adolf Hitler wrote his book "My Struggle" (Mein Kampf), his autobiography in which he expressed the idea of National Socialism. In 1930, the political leader of the Nazis became the supreme commander of the Storm Troops (SA), and in 1932 tried to get the post of the Reich Chancellor. For this, he had to refuse Austrian citizenship and to become a citizen of Germany.
Hitler failed to win elections. Kurt von Schleicher became the Chancellor. A year later, German President Paul von Hindenburg, under the Nazi pressure, dismissed Schleicher and appointed Hitler as chancellor.
This appointment did not cover all the hopes of the Nazi leader, since the power over Germany continued to remain in the hands of the Reichstag, and his powers included only the leadership of the Cabinet that still had to be created.
Literally, in 1.5 years, Adolf Hitler managed to remove from his path all obstacles in the form of the president of Germany and the Reichstag and to become a dictator. Since that moment, the oppression of Jews and Gypsies began in the country. The trade unions were closed and the "Hitler era" began. These 10 years were soaked in human blood.
Nazism and war
In 1934, Hitler became the leader of Germany, where the total Nazi regime began. His ideology was considered as the only true one. Becoming the ruler of Germany, the leader of the Nazis immediately revealed his true identity and began major foreign policy actions. He quickly created the Wehrmacht and restored aviation and tank troops, as well as long-range artillery. Contrary to the Treaty of Versailles, Germany seized the Rhine region, and then Czechoslovakia and Austria.
At the same time, the dictator organized the so-called "Night of Long Knives". A lot of Nazis who were the threat to Hitler's absolute power were killed. He appointed himself as a leader of the "Third Reich", created the police "Gestapo" and a system of concentration camps, where he imprisoned Jews, Gypsies, political opponents, and later the prisoners of war.
The basis of Adolf Hitler's domestic policy was the ideology of racial discrimination and the superiority of indigenous Aryans over other peoples. His goal was to become the only leader of the whole world. In his opinion, the Slavs should have become "elite" slaves, and the lower races, such as Jews and Gypsies, were supposed to be killed. Along with mass crimes against humanity, the ruler of Germany created a similar foreign policy, deciding to seize the whole world.
In April 1939, Hitler approved a plan to invade Poland, which was defeated in September of the same year. Further Germans occupied Norway, Holland, Denmark, Belgium, Luxembourg and France. In spring 1941, Hitler occupied Greece and Yugoslavia, and on June 22 attacked the USSR, ruled by Joseph Stalin.
In 1943, the Red Army launched a large-scale attack against Germany, thanks to which, in 1945 Russian army entered the territory of the Reich. He sent old people, teenagers and invalids to fight against the Red Army. The soldiers fought, while he hid in the "bunker".
The Holocaust and the death camps
Adolf Hitler created death camps and concentration camps in Germany, Poland and Austria. The first one was built in 1933 near Munich. It is known, that there were more than 42,000 such camps, in which millions of people died under torture. These specially equipped centers were intended for genocide and terror both over prisoners of war and over the local population, which included disabled people, women and children.
Oswiecim, Majdanek, Buchenwald, Treblinka were the largest Nazi “death factories”. There were inhuman tortures and "experiments" with poisons, incendiary mixtures, gas, which in 80% of cases led to the painful death. All the death camps were created with the aim of "cleaning up" the entire world population from anti-fascists Jews and Gypsies, criminals and simply "undesirable elements" for the German leader.
The symbol of the mercilessness of Hitler and fascism was the Polish city of Oswiecim, in which the most terrible conveyors of death were built. More than 20 thousand people were killed daily. This is one of the most horrible places on Earth, which became the center of the execution of Jews. They died there in "gas chambers" immediately upon arrival even without registration and identification. Oswiecim camp became a tragic symbol of the Holocaust - the mass execution of the Jewish nation, which is recognized as the largest genocide of the 20th century.
Why Hitler hated Jews?
There are several versions of why Adolf Hitler so strongly hated Jews and tried to kill them. Historians, who studied the personality of the "bloody" dictator, have several theories.
The first version is that he divided all nations into three parts - the Aryans, who were supposed to rule the world, the Slavs, who according to his ideology supposed to be slaves, and Jews, whom Hitler planned to kill.
Also, there were economic motives of the Holocaust. At that time, there was a crisis in Germany and the Jews had profitable companies. Hitler sent them to concentration camps and took their companies.
Also, there is a theory that Hitler killed Jews in order to keep the spirit of his army. Jews and Gypsies were victims. According to Hitler, the fascists could enjoy human blood in order to win.
On April 30, 1945, when the house of Hitler in Berlin was surrounded by the Soviet army, "Nazi No. 1" recognized defeat and decided to commit suicide. There are several versions of how Adolf Hitler died: some historians claim that the German dictator drank potassium cyanide, while others think that he shot himself. Together with the head of Germany, his civil wife Eva Braun, with whom he lived more than 15 years, also died.
It is reported that the spouses were burned before the bunker. It was dictator's demand before his death. Later, the remains of Hitler's body were found by the Red Army. Until now, only Hitler’s dentures and part of his skull with a bullet hole are saved in the Russian archives.
The personal life of Adolf Hitler in modern history has no confirmed facts and is filled with a lot of speculation. It is known that the German Fuhrer was never officially married and had no recognized children. However, despite his rather unattractive appearance, women of the whole country love him, which played an important role in his life. Historians argue that "Nazi No. 1" was able to influence people hypnotically.
He was a charming man and women loved the leader. Hitler had relations with married ladies who worshiped him and considered him an outstanding person.
In 1929, the dictator met Eva Braun, with whom Hitler fell in love. She tried to commit suicide twice because her civil husband flirted with other women he liked.
In 2012, the US citizen Werner Schmedt said that he is the son of Hitler and his young niece Geli Raubal, whom, according to historians, the dictator killed because of jealousy. He showed family photos of Hitler and Geli Raubal. Also, the man showed his birth certificate, in which only the initials "G" and "R" were written in the parent data column, which was done for the purpose of secrecy.
According to the Fuhrer's son, after the death of Geli Raubal, his nannies from Austria and Germany were responsible for his upbringing, but his father always visited him. In 1940, Schmedt saw Hitler for the last time. Hitler promised him to give the whole world after the victory. But this didn’t happen and Werner had to hide his origin for a long time.