Condoleezza Rice

photo Condoleezza Rice
Name: Condoleezza Rice ( Condoleezza Rice )
Born: November 14, 1954
Age: 64 years old
Birthplace: Birmingham, USA
Height: 169
Occupation: politician, 66th United States Secretary of State
Relationship Status: single
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    Condoleezza Rice: biography

    Condoleezza Rice is National Security Advisor, the United States Secretary of State in the administration of President George W. Bush.

    Condoleezza Rice was born on November 14, 1954, in Birmingham in the family of a Protestant minister. Her mother was a music teacher.

    The girl showed her extraordinary abilities quite early. At the age of five, she read fluently and knew the musical notation. Therefore, the parents enrolled their gifted child in school earlier than it was required.

    Condoleezza Rice in childhood | NPR
    Condoleezza Rice in childhood | NPR

    Condoleezza spent her childhood when the USA was racially segregated, so she faced racial injustice early. According to Condoleezza, she was refused entry into the cultural institutions of her native city, she was served poor-quality food in restaurants, and was not allowed to use the unisex fitting room while buying clothes.

    Condoleezza Rice with her mother | Pousadaluadecristal
    Condoleezza Rice with her mother | Pousadaluadecristal

    At the age of eight, she experienced a terrible shock because her best friend was killed in the bombing of the primarily black church. Condoleezza distinguished herself with an independent and proud character because her father thought her to reject illegal humiliation. She spent her free time at home, without visiting church services for "colored" people.

    In 1967, the family moved to Denver, where her father was offered the position of assistant dean at the local university.

    Education

    The girl played the piano perfectly, so at first, she dreamed of a career as a concert pianist. In 1969, Rice became a piano student at the University of Denver. However, at the age of 17, she changed her mind when a teacher said that she could never be a good instrumentalist.

    Condoleezza Rice at the piano | Politic 365
    Condoleezza Rice at the piano | Politic 365

    During this period, she attended an International Politics course taught by Josef Korbel, father of Madeleine Albright. Subsequently, she called him one of the main mentors in her life. Condoleezza decided to connect her life with politics.

    Condoleezza owes a lot to her father and his attitude towards racial problems, which tempered her character. He taught his daughter that black Americans should rely only on individual efforts, moral courage, and power.

    Condoleezza Rice and her family | University of Denver
    Condoleezza Rice and her family | University of Denver

    In 1974, Rice graduated from the University of Denver with a bachelor's degree in political science. In 1975 she obtained her master's degree from the University of Notre Dame.

    In 1981, at the age of 26, Rice received her Ph.D. in political science as a Sovietologist. Her dissertation centered on military policy of the USSR, as well as problems of European security. In the late 1970s, she interned at Moscow State University. She speaks Russian fluently, and also speaks Spanish and French.

    Scientific activity

    Since 1981, Rice has held some senior positions at Stanford University in California, from assistant professor to professor of political science. Over the years of teaching, she earned the reputation as a responsive but strict teacher, and respect from students.

    Condoleezza Rice in her youth | Business insider
    Condoleezza Rice in her youth | Business insider

    In 1993-2000 she was responsible for managing the university's budget. She managed to eliminate the 20-million budget deficit of the institute within two years.

    Condoleezza Rice is the first woman, an African American, as well as the youngest vice-principal throughout the centuries-old history of the university.

    Political career

    • 1981-1985 - Member of the Council on Foreign Relations.
    • 1989-1991 - Senior director of Soviet and East European Affairs in the National Security Council. She played a significant role in the political strategy of the United States during the reunification of Germany.
    • In 1991, she returned to her teaching position at Stanford University.
    • 1999 - Foreign policy adviser during the presidential election campaign of the Republican candidate, George W. Bush.
    • 2001-2005 - National Security Advisor.
    Condoleezza Rice | International Business Times
    Condoleezza Rice | International Business Times

    During these years the political career of Condoleezza Rice was marred by an unprecedented terrorist attack in New York City on September 11, 2001. Despite prior consultations with the CIA director about the upcoming al-Qaeda attacks, they did not prevent the tragic events.

    In 2004, during an investigation, the National Commission obliged Rice to testify, but she refused. She unwittingly submitted to President George W. Bush’s order and answered all the questions of the Commission.

    Condoleezza Rice | Obozrevatel
    Condoleezza Rice | Obozrevatel

    Rice pursued a policy of an active military conflict in Iraq, justifying it by Saddam Hussein's nuclear capabilities and cooperation with al-Qaeda.

    US Secretary of State

    In 2005, Condoleezza Rice was appointed as the 66th US Secretary of State. 85 senators voted for it, and 13 were against her candidacy. The number of negative votes was the greatest since 1825 because many senators blamed her for the failure of military operations in Iraq.

    Condoleezza Rice and George W. Bush | Obozrevatel
    Condoleezza Rice and George W. Bush | Obozrevatel

    As Secretary of State, Rice began to advance democratic reform. The most significant initiative to restructure US policy was called "Transformational Diplomacy." Its top-priority goals were:

    • migration of diplomats to developing countries and hot spots;
    • combating terrorism and illegal drug trafficking;
    • reorientation of relations with other states to reduce American subsidies.

    Her compatriots respectfully nicknamed her “Madam Secretary." The immense popularity can be explained by the admiration of the African-American who managed to reach such heights.

    Condoleezza Rice | LPGA
    Condoleezza Rice | LPGA

    Many Americans liked her detachment and determination, self-control and absolute femininity. The survey of Esquire magazine showed that her popularity surpassed such idols as Angelina Jolie and Julia Roberts.

    As for Russia, Rice criticized the slow processes of democratization, the centralization of presidential power and the absence of independent legislative institutions, the gas price manipulation and the stance on the South Ossetian conflict. At the same time, she mentioned the America and Russia fruitful cooperation in anti-terrorism.

    Condoleezza Rice and Vladimir Putin | Kommersant
    Condoleezza Rice and Vladimir Putin | Kommersant

    She was particularly worried that Russia would block a UN Security resolution on Iran. Sergey Lavrov, who served as foreign minister, assured Rice that they would not hamper it.

    She visited Russia several times and met President V. Putin.

    Condoleezza Rice is credited with the famous statement “About Siberia.” She allegedly proclaimed that such a vast territory could not belong only to Russia. However, recent studies of political scientists have not found a single reliable source of this information.

    Hurricane Katrina | Politico
    Hurricane Katrina | Politico

    Condoleezza made a few mistakes during her public service. For example, journalists found her busy buying new shoes during the deadly Hurricane Katrina which claimed thousands of African American lives in New Orleans.

    Vladimir Zhirinovsky, the leader of the Liberal Democratic Party of Russia, criticized the policy of Condoleezza Rice towards Russia and Iraq. He urged her to leave the political career, as well as try her hand at psychoanalysis.

    Following the end of her term, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice returned to Stanford, where she serves as a professor of political science nowadays.

    Condoleezza Rice now | Kommersant
    Condoleezza Rice now | Kommersant

    Condoleezza Rice has not left the political arena, continuing to influence the views of Americans today. So, during the presidential campaign of Donald Trump, she called on him to withdraw his candidacy. She wrote it on Facebook during the scandal after the candidate made obscene statements.

    Personal life

    Condoleezza Rice has not been married, and she has no children. Her favorite hobbies are music, reading, sports (tennis, jogging, fitness).

    Before and after her resignation, she has played music and often performs at concerts along with professional musicians and bands.

    Interesting Facts

    • Her unique name, Condoleezza, derives from the Italian music-related word con dolcezza, which means, "with sweetness."
    • In 2004 and 2005 Rice was ranked as the most powerful woman in the world by Forbes magazine.
    • Condoleezza Rice is not a relative of Susan Rice, the 24th United States National Security Advisor.
    • When George Bush introduced Condoleezza Rice to Mikhail Gorbachev, he said that it was Condoleezza who told him everything he knew about the USSR.

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